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2D Art Projects

2D Art Projects

2D Art Projects

Orthographic Section with Invented Interior

Realism, photo realism and naturalism all have their place in art, especially when aesthetics and beauty are paramount, but there is much more to art than simply rendering life-like semblances of the world. Art is also a catalyst for awe and wonder: a portal through which we are allowed to glimpse foreign and unexpected versions of reality.

When an artist injects an element of the "unexpected" into an an artwork, she can provoke feelings of affection, compassion, disgust, hatred, horror, hostility, pleasure, rage, sympathy, wonder or any of a hundred other emotions. This was part of the raison d'être of the Surrealists who, from the 1920's onward, juxtaposed unexpected images and ideas to elicit an emotional reaction from the viewer.

In his manifesto, Andre Breton (leader of the Surrealists) refers to the writing of Pierre Reverdy. Breton quotes Reverdy, "The image is a pure creation of the mind. It cannot be born from a comparison but from a juxtaposition of two more or less distant realities. The more the relationship between the two juxtaposed realities is distant and true, the stronger the image will be – the greater its emotional power and poetic reality..." (Click this link to read the complete Surrealist Manifesto.)

This art project owes a lot to Surrealism and the idea that there is "emotional power" and poetry in juxtaposing two distant realities.

Examples of Student Works

Orthographic Section Orthographic Section Orthographic Section Orthographic Section Orthographic Section Orthographic Section Orthographic Section Orthographic Section Orthographic Section Orthographic Section

PROCEDURE: Find two ordinary objects that are very distant from one another, such as a piece of fruit and a clockwork apparatus. Divide a horizontal sheet of Fabriano Academia paper into three parts: left half, right half and a narrow space along the bottom about three inches high. Next, using a hard graphite pencil, draw ONLY THE OUTLINE of the first object on the left half of the sheet. Cut your object in two (or imagine it cut in two) and then draw it naturalistically with a full range of values on the right half of the sheet. DO NOT DRAW THE OBJECT'S INTERIOR YET.

Next, draw a naturalistic image of the second object INSIDE the first object. Using our example above, it should appear as though an orange has a clockwork interior instead of the fruit-flesh that would normally be there. Last, create four horizontal boxes along the bottom of the sheet. In the first box from the left, print the title of your work and the date. In the second box print your name and the course name. In the third box print "Elevation, Plan, Section". In the last box on the far right print the scale (e.g., Scale: 1 cm = 1 mm).

TECHNICAL: You are not required to use graphite, but you should begin with it. If you prefer to use ink and ink wash or vine charcoal as a medium, you should trace over your graphite lines once the entire composition is laid in and there is no erasing to be done.

On the right side of your sheet, your drawing should depict a full range of values from white to black and many shades of grey in between.

AESTHETIC: Be aware of Emphasis, Variety, Scale and Proportion while you create your work.

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© 2016, Terry Reynoldson