2D Art Projects

2D Art Projects

2D Art Projects

Colour Project

Colour is arguably the most powerful, emotive and complex of all the art elements. It has a fascinating history. Medieval and Renaissance artists would get very excited about the "latest" colours that chemists created (like vermillion) and they would use these new colours over and over again in many of their paintings. Some of these colours were so rare and so desirable that they cost more than gold! Here's a terrific 3-part series of podcasts about it, courtesy of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation: The Power of Colour

PROCEDURE: On a full sheet of Fabriano Academia paper, make a subtractive colour web that contains primary colours (red, yellow, blue), secondary colours (orange, green, violet) and tertiary colours (red–orange, yellow–orange, yellow–green, blue–green, blue–violet, red–violet). Each colour must be mixed with white or its compliment to produce a range of five distinct values from the lightest tint to the darkest shade. The lightest value, called a tint, will be located on ring 6 of the web. The darkest value, called a shade, will be located on ring 2 of the web. The centre disk is reserved for neutral gray which will appear almost black. Many of the pure hues (the way most colours appear when used straight out of the tube) will occupy ring 4.

colour web

NOTE: Violet, blue–violet and red–violet are naturally dark hues (some painters substitute violet for black in their paintings). You will therefore have to move the pure hues from ring 4 to ring 2. You will then mix four lighter tints and 0 darker shades for each of these colours. Likewise, yellow is a naturally light hue and should be shifted in the opposite direction. The pure hue would then sit on ring 5 surrounded by one lighter tint and three darker shades.

AESTHETIC: Make your colours as exact as possible. You may find it helpful to purchase a colour wheel if you need a reference. Each value must be clearly discernable from the other values around it. Values must also be proportional to each other so that they create smooth transitions from lightest to darkest. The paint surface does not need to be smooth; brush marks and texture are acceptable.

TECHNICAL: Use masking tape to keep your edges clean and sharp. Mix plenty of colour so that you don't run out in the middle of a section. Paint the primary colours first; secondary colours second and tertiary colours last. Use acrylic medium (high gloss or medium gloss) to extend your paint and to make it more workable.

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© 2015, Terry Reynoldson